#23 Role of enzymes in germinating seeds
Seeds contain stored food in the cotyledons to provide energy and materials for growth. This is usually in the form of starch – a large, insoluble molecule (long chain of glucose), that keeps the food immobile. The starch needs to be changed into a soluble molecule (sugar) with help of enzymes for the seeds to make use of.
Things to remember:
- In the presence of H2O, Gibberellin or gibberellic acid (GA) stimulates the production of amylase.
- Amylase breaks down starch to maltose, allowing for the formation of ATP (via glucose).
- The energy produced in the embryo is used to facilitate germination.
- The glucose produced may also be used to synthesis cellulose - for cell wall formation.
- Warmth helps speed up the process.